Title IX is the law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. It applies to public universities as well as private colleges that receive federal financial assistance. The law has been in place since 1972, but it is only recently beginning to show its full potential. Title IX applies to all forms of discrimination, including sexual harassment and sexual violence.
However, many students are not completely aware of the rules and regulations of Title IX. So, here we are discussing 4 popular Title IX FAQs to give everyone a better clarity of Title IX.
- Who can file a Title IX complaint for sexual misconduct?
According to Title IX, the only people who can file a Title IX complaint are students, faculty, and staff. Since it is a school facility and a college house, everyone present has the right to file a Title IX complaint. Although, this means if you are not on campus, and you know that someone is committing sexual misconduct against another student, please report this to other students so that appropriate action can be taken and the student is punished accordingly.
- To who does Title IX apply?
Any school, college, or university that receives federal funding to operate a program or provide a service must have a Title IX coordinator. All students, faculty, and staff are affected by Title IX and these rules apply to all programs and activities. The Title IX coordinators are responsible for creating and implementing a plan to prevent sexual harassment, sexual violence, and educational discrimination.
- Who enforces Title IX?
Title IX is enforced by the U.S. Department of Education through federal Compliance agencies, which include Office for Civil Rights (OCR). The OCR investigates complaints of sexual harassment and sexual violence on college campuses. In addition, it is the OCR that works to prevent and stop campus sexual harassment, sexual violence, and educational discrimination against students and employees.
- Who is protected under Title IX?
Title IX applies to all students who attend a school or college that receives federal financial assistance. It also applies to employees of these schools and colleges. Title IX protects people from discrimination on the basis of sex in public schools, private schools, and state universities. It also covers elementary, middle school, and high school students, as long as they are receiving some type of federal assistance.